Arequipa is the second most important city of the Republic of Peru. Its capital and most populated city is central Arequipa.
It is the fifth largest department – behind Loreto, Ucayali, Madre de Dios and Cuzco. It was founded on August 15, 1540.
Arequipa, is important for the commerce and the industry; tourism is also important in Arequipa. The mines is an important part of its economy, followed by the agriculture and the ports.
This beautiful city is built almost entirely on sillar, a kind of white volcanic stone. This is the reason why Arequipa is called the White City.